Now scientists from the Bethge Lab in Germany have built an AI system that can learn a painting's style and apply it to other images.
The results look as though Pablo Picasso and Vincent van Gogh painted their own version of the image.
According to Leon Gatys, PhD student and the lead on the paper published in the open-source journal arxiv, this is the first "artificial neural system that achieves a separation of image content from style."
Scroll down to see how it works and the beautiful images it created.
The AI could take the style of one image, like the swirls and dots of Vincent van Gogh's most famous painting "Starry Night" and make another image adopt this style, like a very sophisticated photo filter.
For their experiment, the scientists used a photo of the Neckar river in Tuebingen, Germany.
The altered photo of the river looks as though van Gogh was standing at the banks of the Neckar river instead of at his window in Saint Remy de Provence, the original setting for "Starry Night." Gatys wrote that the system gives us a mathematical basis for understanding how humans perceive and create art, especially because it mimics biological vision and the human brain.
See the rest of the story at Business Insider